Apache Struts vulnerable to remote code execution


Apache Struts provided by the Apache Software Foundation is a software framework for creating Java web applications. Web applications that are developed using Apache Struts 2 REST Plugin contain a remote code execution vulnerability.

Note that the exploit code for this vulnerability is publicly available.

Shinsaku Nomura of Bitforest Co.,Ltd. reported this vulnerability to IPA.
JPCERT/CC coordinated with the developer under Information Security Early Warning Partnership.
CVSS Severity (What is CVSS?)

CVSS V3 Severity:
Base Metrics 5.6 (Medium) [IPA Score]
  • Attack Vector: Network
  • Attack Complexity: High
  • Privileges Required: None
  • User Interaction: None
  • Scope: Unchanged
  • Confidentiality Impact: Low
  • Integrity Impact: Low
  • Availability Impact: Low
CVSS V2 Severity:
Base Metrics 6.8 (Medium) [IPA Score]
  • Access Vector: Network
  • Access Complexity: Medium
  • Authentication: None
  • Confidentiality Impact: Partial
  • Integrity Impact: Partial
  • Availability Impact: Partial
Affected Products

Apache Software Foundation
  • Apache Struts 2.3.20 to

Affects of this vulnearbility to Apache Struts 1 is unknown.
As of April 5, 2013, Apache Software Foundation has announced that Apache Strtus 1 is no longer developed or supported.

An arbitrary code may be executed by an unauthenticated remote attacker.

[Update the Software]
Update to the latest version according to the information provided by the developer.
Vendor Information

Apache Software Foundation Red Hat, Inc.
CWE (What is CWE?)

  1. Improper Input Validation(CWE-20) [IPA Evaluation]
CVE (What is CVE?)

  1. CVE-2016-4438

  1. JVN : JVN#07710476
  2. National Vulnerability Database (NVD) : CVE-2016-4438
  3. IPA SECURITY ALERTS : Security Alert for Vulnerability in Apache Struts (JVN#07710476) (in Japanese)
Revision History

  • [2016/06/20]
      Web page was published
      References : Content was added
      References : Content was added
      Vendor Information : Content was added